King College London’s scientists discover of unique two new type cells responsible of skin wound healing and hair growth (fibroblast) was one of the latest intriguing news on hair loss in 2013.
This research might provide new possibilities for the treatment of skin repair and lessening aging effects on skin.
The cells called as fibroblast are responsible for the production of proteins such as collagen in our body. It is a common idea that fibroblasts are same kind of cells.
But, a study on mice shows that there are at least two types of fibroblasts on skin.
It is understood that fibroblasts on upper level skin are responsible for generating hair follicles.
The lower level fibroblasts are responsible for strengthening collagen fibers and skin repair.
As a result of this research, it is scientifically proven that wound healing and hair follicle occurrence in same area are related to increase of fibroblasts.
Professor Fiona Watt, Director of King College London Stem Cells and Regenerative Medical Center, has talked about the research:
As we age, some changes occur in thickness and composition of our skin.
Our skin cannot heal fast enough and loses its flexibility. It is related to decrease of fibroblasts. If it would be possible to increase fibroblasts externally, it would be possible to end wrinkles related to aging, slow wound healing, and hair loss.
Even it is early stages of the study; it shows great potential on complex skin structure and mechanisms of wounding. It is necessary to have clinical trials in order to gather certain results for performance of injecting different types of fibroblasts into skin.
Glossary – What is Fibroblast?
They are also called as main cells of connective tissue.
They are flat or oval. There are cytoplasmic extensions on their body, and their cell nucleus is oval.
Fibroblasts are the responsible cells for generating proteins called as collagen which are the main component of connective tissue and helping on wound healing. Fibroblasts can convert into primers (osteoblast) of different types of cells. Fibroblasts form fibers.